Skip to main content

Full text of "History Of Ancient India"

See other formats


{\rtf1\ansi {\colortbl;\red0\green0\blue0;\red0\green0\blue255;\red0\green255\blue255;\red0\green255\blue0;\red255\green0\blue255;\red255\green0\blue0;\red255\green255\blue0;\red255\green255\blue255;}{\fonttbl{\f0\froman\cpg0\fcharset0 Times New Roman;}{\f1\froman\cpg1252\fcharset0 Times New Roman;}{\f2\froman\cpg1251\fcharset204 Times New Roman;}{\f3\froman\cpg1250\fcharset238 Times New Roman;}{\f4\froman\cpg1257\fcharset186 Times New Roman;}{\f5\froman\cpg1254\fcharset162 Times New Roman;}{\f6\froman\cpg1253\fcharset161 Times New Roman;}{\f7\froman\cpg1255\fcharset177 Times New Roman;}{\f8\fswiss\cpg0\fcharset0 Arial;}{\f9\fswiss\cpg1252\fcharset0 Arial;}{\f10\fswiss\cpg1251\fcharset204 Arial;}{\f11\fswiss\cpg1250\fcharset238 Arial;}{\f12\fswiss\cpg1257\fcharset186 Arial;}{\f13\fswiss\cpg1254\fcharset162 Arial;}{\f14\fswiss\cpg1253\fcharset161 Arial;}{\f15\fswiss\cpg1255\fcharset177 Arial;}}{\stylesheet {\sbasedon222\f1\fs20\i Normal;}}\paperw12240\paperh15840\margl1194\margr1680\margt1440\margb720 \sectd \sbknone\pgwsxn12240\pghsxn15840\marglsxn1194\margrsxn1680\margtsxn1440\margbsxn720\cols1\colsx60 \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li47\fi0\ri0\sb11\sa0 \f1\fs20\i{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex161\expndtw-13\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs15 i   J}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li187\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa918 \f1\fs20\i{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex33\expndtw10\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs15 >>**}\par \sect\sectd \sbknone\pgwsxn12240\pghsxn15840\marglsxn5010\margrsxn2868\margtsxn1440\margbsxn720\cols2\colno1\colw720\colsr504\colno2\colw3139 \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li0\fi0\ri0\sb29\sa0 \f1\fs20\i{\b\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw0\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs16 240}\par \column \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li0\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0 \f1\fs20\i{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-5\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs21 SAMUDRAGUPTA : \b CONQUESTS}\par \sect\sectd \sbknone\pgwsxn12240\pghsxn15840\marglsxn5002\margrsxn1680\margtsxn1440\margbsxn720\cols1\colsx60 \pard \plain \li0\ri0\sb0\sa0\pvpara\phmrg\posnegx-3794\posnegy461\absw0\absh576\nowrap\dfrmtxtx40\dfrmtxty58 {\pict\wmetafile8\picw1498\pich1016\picwgoal849\pichgoal576
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}\par\pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li29\fi0\ri36\sb227\sa0\sl-241\slmult0 \f1\fs20\i{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw2\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 his successors; and its initial year ran from February \expndtw3 26, 320 A.D. to March 15, 321 A.D.}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li18\fi0\ri0\sb227\sa0 \f1\fs20\i{\b0\i\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-5\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs23 Samudragupta}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li11\fi238\ri32\sb166\sa0\sl-245\slmult0\tx2063 \f1\fs20\i{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-4\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 Candragupta I was followed by his son Samudra\-\line \expndtw7 gupta. As the latter seems to have been nominated\line \expndtw-4 by his father to succeed him, he may not have been his\line \expndtw-5 eldest son. Whatever his earlier position, Samudragupta\line \expndtw3 turned out to be one of the ablest Gupta sovereigns,\line \expndtw1 and by his exploits more than justified his father's\line \expndtw-4 selection.\super 1\nosupersub  With his ideal of war and aggrandisement,\line \expndtw8 Samudragupta is the very antithesis of Asoka, who\line \expndtw17 . \loch\af0\hich\af0\dbch\f1\cchs0 \'84\hich\af0\dbch\af1\loch\f0\cchs0  , . , \loch\af0\hich\af0\dbch\f1\cchs0 \'84\hich\af0\dbch\af1\loch\f0\cchs0 .\loch\af0\hich\af0\dbch\f1\cchs0 \'84\hich\af0\dbch\af1\loch\f0\cchs0  stood for peace and piety. The\line \expndtw21 InfcSon{\charscalex100\expndtw0\tab }\super\expndtw0 former\nosupersub '\super s\nosupersub  achievements formed the}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li7\fi2066\ri22\sb0\sa0\sl-241\slmult0 \f1\fs20\i{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-5\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 subject, of an elaborate panegyric composed by the court poet, Harisen,a, and, strangely \expndtw2 enough, Samudragupta chose to leave a permanent \expndtw10 record of his sanguinary conquests by the side of the ethical exhortations of Asoka on one of his \expndtw-2 pillars, now inside the fort at Allahabad.\super 2\nosupersub  The inscrip\-\expndtw-1 tion is unhappily undated, but it is surely not a pos\-\expndtw-4 thumous document, as supposed by Fleet.\super 3\nosupersub  It must have}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li0\fi0\ri18\sb241\sa0\sl-198\slmult0 \f1\fs20\i{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw1\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs20 and the Gaya plate of Samudragupta, dated years 5 and 9 respec\-\expndtw2 tively, are genuine, and if they refer to the Gupta era, the reign of Candragupta I must have been briefer still.}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li4\fi382\ri0\sb4\sa0\sl-198\slmult0\tx515 \f1\fs20\i{\b0\i0\super\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw0\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs20 1{\charscalex100\expndtw0\tab }\nosupersub\expndtw6 Some gold coins of Kaca, closely resembling the issues of\line \expndtw3 Samudragupta, have  been   found.   Vincent   Smith   regards the-\line \expndtw10 former as a rival brother of the latter (E.H.I., 4th ed., p. 297,\line \expndtw5 n. i).    But in our opinion the expression "Sarva-rajocchetta" on\line \expndtw3 the reverse argues in favour of their identification.   Perhaps Kaca\line \expndtw5 was the original or personal name, and the appellation Samudra\-\line \expndtw4 gupta was adopted in allusion to his conquests.    Dr. D.R. Bhan-\line \expndtw0 darkar, on the other hand, takes the Kaca (Rama?) coins to be issues\line \expndtw-3 of Ramagupta \i (MalaviyajiCommemorationVolttme, \i0 1932, pp. 204-06).}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li385\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0\sl-198\slmult0\tx515 \f1\fs20\i{\b0\i0\super\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw0\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs20 2{\charscalex100\expndtw0\tab }\nosupersub\expndtw8 Fleet, C.I.I., III, no. i, pp. 1-17.}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li4\fi400\ri29\sb7\sa0\sl-198\slmult0 \f1\fs20\i{\b0\i\super\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw7\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs20 z\nosupersub lbid., \i0 pp. 4, 10 and note 2. The passage (lines 29-30), \expndtw2 however, only refers to Samudragupta's \i fame \i0 "having gone to the \expndtw11 abode of (Indra) the lord of the gods."}\par \sect\sectd \sbknone\pgwsxn12240\pghsxn15840\marglsxn1194\margrsxn1680\margtsxn1440\margbsxn720\cols1\colsx60 \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li0\fi0\ri0\sb551\sa0 \f1\fs20\i{\b0\i\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw12\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs19 4    V'}\par }